Marianne von Werefkin was a Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter best known for her boldly colored landscapes and village scenes. Born in 1860 into the Russian nobility, von Werefkin received a well-rounded education. Her artistic abilities were recognized and encouraged from childhood, and she began receiving private drawing lessons at the age of 14. In 1886, upon her family’s move to St. … Read More
Danish (1864-1916) Vilhelm Hammershøi was a Danish painter best known for his restrained, enigmatic interior scenes, landscapes, and portraits. Though his paintings are occasionally classified as Tonalist, Hammershøi’s works tend to defy neat categorizations, and are known more for their mysterious, lonely quality and cool, muted palette. Hammershøi was born in 1864 in Copenhagen, Denmark, and was encouraged by his … Read More
Maurice Brianchon was born in 1899 in France. He studied art at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. His artistic talent earned him a strong enough reputation at the young age of 23 to be appointed to the committee of the Salon d’Automne. Also around this time he won the Prix Blumenthal, a prestigious grant that allowed him to study in Spain. … Read More
British, 1914-2003 Lynn Chadwick was an English sculptor and artist best known for his semi-abstract human and animal figures in bronze and steel. Chadwick was born in London, and expressed interest in becoming a sculptor at an early age. Architecture was suggested to him as a more realistic career aspiration, leading him to become a trainee draughtsman. Chadwick did not … Read More
English, 1898 – 1986 Henry Moore was born in England in 1898 into a family of eight children. Though they were of modest means, Moore’s parents were intent on providing their children with a quality formal education. Henry was introduced to sculpture in elementary school where he created models in clay; art instructors soon recognized his talent and encouraged him to expand … Read More
German, 1884-1950 German painter and printmaker Max Beckmann was born in 1884. By his teenage years he had already decided to become a painter, and he undertook a course of study at the Weimar Academy of Arts. Beckmann also traveled to Paris where he was exposed to Post Impressionism as well as the early development of the Fauve and Expressionist movements. In 1904, … Read More
Argentine, 1907-1996 Léonor Fini was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1907, but was raised in Italy by her mother. While Fini received no formal artistic training, she greatly enjoyed reading art books and visiting museums as a child. At a young age, Fini suffered from rheumatic conjunctivitis, an eye disease which required her to cover her eyes for several months. This experience … Read More
Louis Anquetin focused his artistic attention on the cafe scenes and prostitutes of Parisian nightlife. In 1887, Anquetin and Émile Bernard developed a new style of painting termed Cloisonnism, earning them critical acclaim.
Georges d’Espagnat was a Post-Impressionist painter and illustrator best known for his Parisian genre scenes, female figures, and landscapes. His style combines the painterly brushwork of Impressionism with the bold use of color favored by the Fauves.
Eva Gonzalès was born in Paris in 1849. She took her first art lessons at age 16 in drawing from society portraitist, Charles Chaplin. Mary Cassatt also studied under Chaplin. By 1869, Gonzalès was a pupil of the artist Édouard Manet. He would paint a portrait of her that is now in the National Gallery in London. She married Manet’s engraver, Henri Guerard. She … Read More