Yves Tanguy was born in 1900, in Paris. In 1918, he joined the Merchant Marine and traveled to Africa, South America, and England. The landscapes from his travels throughout his lifetime had great influence on his work. Tanguy is primarily considered a self-taught artist. He did attend Lycée Montaigne in Paris briefly. There he met Pierre Matisse, who later became his dealer and friend.
In 1925, Yves Tanguy met André Breton and joined the Surrealist group. Breton would remain a valuable mentor and advocate of his artistic career. Tanguy’s recognizable style emerged by 1927. That same year he was given his first solo show at the Galerie Surréaliste in Paris. In 1928, he participated in the Surrealist exhibition at the Galerie au Sacre du Printemps, Paris with other notable artist such as, Jean Arp, Max Ernst, André Masson, Joan Miró and Pablo Picasso. Tanguy’s work proved influential on young painters coming up at the time such as Roberto Matta.
Yves Tanguy moved to the United States in 1939 with his wife and painter Kay Sage. The traveled throughout America, but would call Woodbury, Connecticut home. Tanguy became a citizen in 1941. He passed away in 1955. He is one of the leading artists in the Surrealism art movement. His works can be found in many important museum collections today.