Paul Cezanne was born on January 19, 1839 in Aix-en-Provence in France. In 1852, he studied at the Collège Bourbon, where he met and befriended writer Émile Zola. He went on to study painting and drawing at the École des Beaux-Arts (School of Design) in Aix in 1856. He used thick brush strokes to give his early works a sculptural quality. He soon met the Impressionists and exhibited his work to horrible reviews, after which he stopped exhibiting for thirteen years.
Still lifes, landscapes, portraits, and bathers were his preferred subjects. Paul Cezanne’s paintings underwent continual adjustment; many were reworked and he never really considered them finished.
Paul Cezanne was one of the most influential artists in the history of twentieth-century painting and he influenced generations of artists that came after him in art history.