Oscar Dominguez Palazon


Óscar Domínguez

Spanish (1906-1957)

Óscar Domínguez was born in the Canary Islands in 1906.  He became an important surrealist painter who worked primarily in France. He moved to Paris in 1927 and that is where he learned of the Surrealist movement. Picasso and Yves Tanguy became a great source of influence and Oscar Dominguez Palazon was often criticized for painting too similar to Picasso.

He is best known for his oils on canvas paintings that incorporate vivid colors in the surrealist style. Óscar Domínguez also had a darker side that was reflected in his artwork.  He was born with a disease that stunted his growth. He had deformities of his limbs and face. In 1931, he painted a self portrait that showed these deformities along with his wrists cut.

In 1935, he had a studio in Montmartre and became good friends with Salvador Dali, Max Ernst and André Breton. He participated in important Surrealist exhibitions held in Paris, New York, Copenhagen and London.

Óscar Domínguez committed suicide in 1957, by slashing his wrists. He was interred in the Montparnasse Cemetery in Paris.