Max Ernst was a German artist—in painting, sculpture and collage—who was a key figure in the Dadaist and Surrealist art movements. He was born on April 2, 1891 in a small Rhineland town called Bruhl, outside Cologne. In 1922 Ernst moved to Paris, where, two years later, he became a founding member of the Surrealists, a group of artists and writers whose work grew out of fantasies evoked from the unconscious. After 1934 Ernst increasingly focused on sculpture.
At the outbreak of World War II, Ernst moved to the United States, where he joined his third wife, the collector and gallery owner Peggy Guggenheim. After the war ended, he divorced Peggy and married artist Dorothea Tanning. The built a house in Arizona and Ernst found inspiration is the setting. He created a wonderful series of Arizona’s mountains. He did eventually return to Europe and continued to create art. He was always experiment and reinventing his work.