French (1878 or 1883 – 1941)
Born in Warsaw, Poland, Louis Marcoussis was a printmaker, engraver and illustrator and painter who became an important part of the Cubist avant-garde movement in Paris. Marcoussis attended the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts in Poland where he met his wife Alice Halicka. They traveled to Paris and he studied at the Académie Julian under the French figure painter, Jules Joseph Lefebvre.
His early work was in the Impressionist style. In 1907 Louis Marcoussis stopped painting for three years. When he started to create again he adopted the cubist style. Like many cubist artists in Paris in the early 1900’s such as Picasso, Georges Braque and Fernand Léger, Marcoussis was a part of the Section d’Or (active 1911-1914). By the 1920’s, he began participating in the Salon des Tuileries exhibitions.
Following the outbreak of World War I, Louis Marcoussis became a French citizen and served in the French Foreign Legion from 1914-1919. During the 1930’s, Marcoussis taught classes at the Académie Schlaefer and focused primarily on his illustrations and printmaking. Although he did work with Spanish surrealist Joan Miró in the late 1930’s who taught him etching techniques.
He and his wife had moved just outside of Vichy following Hitler’s invasion of Paris in 1940. Louis Marcoussis passed away the following year. His work is now part of the permanent collections at the Tate Gallery, London, and the Art Institute in Chicago as well as the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia.