Jean Dubuffet was born in Le Havre, France in 1901. He studied painting in Paris at the Académie Julian in 1918 for six months before continuing his education independently. His pursuit of art stopped and started until 1942, when he decided to commit it as a career. At this time, his painted woman with strong bold colors in a primitive style.
In 1944 he got his first Paris show. Jean Dubuffet resisted authority from a very early age and by 1945, he had coined the term Art Brut (or “ugly art”), and in 1948 he founded a society to promote this type of work. He wanted to attack conformism and mainstream culture. In the early 1960s, he developed a radically new style of art, called Hourloupe, and would exhibit it for many important public commissions, but he is best known for the thick textured and gritty surfaces of his paintings from the 1940s and ‘50s.
Before his death in 1985, Dubuffet’s work was exhibited around the world. He rebelled against art, culture, and intellectualism. Jean Dubuffet was instrumental in establishing a unique style of his own that was devoid of the traditional standards of its time. His primitive approach to art making, has wide appeal.