Jean Metzinger was born in France in 1883. He moved to Paris to study painting when he was twenty years old. His early work was influenced by the Neo-impressionism of Georges Seurat and Henri-Edmond Cross. By 1904, Metzinger painted in the Divisionist and Fauvist styles. Soon his circle of friends included Robert Delaunay , Guillaume Apollinaire, Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. In 1910 Metzinger exhibited his work at the Salon des Indépendants. Metzinger wrote about the modern art of the day and was the first explain in an article that Picasso and Braque were moving away from traditional perspective in favor of multiple views of an object. It was the beginning of Cubism.
In 1911, Jean Metzinger showed his work at Salle 41 at the Salon des Indépendants along side that of Robert Delaunay, Albert Gleizes, and Fernand Léger. This exhibition was significant because it was the first formal group exhibition of Cubist painters. In 1912, Metzinger and Gleizes wrote DuCubisme, which was the first major publication on Cubism and would become the foundation for the movement.