Henri-Charles Manguin was born in Paris in 1874. At 15 years old, he decided to quit school and devote himself to painting. He moved to Montmartre and became a student in the studio of Gustave Moreau. He befriends with Marquet, Puy and Matisse, frequent Rouault, Valtat and Camoin.
Manguin’s work receives its first exposure with the Gallery Berthe Weil. In 1902, he participated in the Salon des Independents and continues to show there for the next 10 years. It was in 1904 that he fell in love with Saint-Tropez and it’s light and beauty of the vegetation. Henri Manguin rents “la villa Demière” in the summer of 1905 and he paints many pieces that reflect his happiness in a highly colorful and expressive paintings.
Also that year, he participated in the “Salon d’Automne” in the “cage aux fauves,” where he introduced five paintings. The “Salon d’Automne” of 1909, was presented by Manguin and hailed by the critics. He also exhibited abroad such as the Russia international exhibition, the Venice Biennale and United States. His life is made of more or less stay long in France, but his heart remains in St. Tropez. Thus, he settled in Switzerland during the war, Brittany, Bordeaux, St Paul de Vence, Sanary and Avignon, where he took refuge in 1940.
He returned definitively to Saint-Tropez in 1949 and died there the same year. He has 75 years. He is regarded as one of the creators of Fauve movement. Today his works are included in the collections of the Toulouse Lautrec Museum, Albi; Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg; Museum of the Annunciation, St. Tropez; Museum of Art, Winterthur; Musee des Augustins, Toulouse; University of Arizona Museum of Art; National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo; Museo del Siglo XIX, Valencia