Giorgio de Chirico was an Italian surrealist painter who was born in 1888. He studied art in Italy and Greece and then moved to Germany to continue his studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. In 1911, he traveled to Paris and became influenced by poet-critic Apollinaire, who helped introduce de Chirico to the important annual art salons. He exhibited his paintings in 1913 at the Salon des Independants.
De Chirico was the first artist to incorporate confrontations of inanimate objects as his subjects for art. His work was unrelated to any other art movement and he was critically against modern art. This bold direction Giorgio de Chirico took with his work influenced the generation of artists who emerged later called the Surrealists, Max Ernst, Rene Magritte, Yves Tanguy, Salvador Dali among them.
By 1939, his work was of a neo-Baroque style and influenced by Peter Paul Rubens. These works were not received well and in revenge De Chirico created back-dated forgeries of his own works, and denounced many of his earlier paintings as forgeries. Still today, his best work is what was created before WWI.
Giorgio De Chirico is known as the founder of the Metaphysical art movement,whose work was intended to question of reality.