Georges Seurat was born on December 2, 1859, in Paris. In 1878, he studied at Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He became very interested in scientific theories about color perception and studied Principles of Harmony and Contrast of Colors. This knowledge would play in an important role in his development of the style called Pointillism, which broke down colors into their constituent hues and applying them side by side on canvas.
The first pointillism painting he did that fused design and color into a composition was “Sunday Afternoon on the Island of the Grande Jatte”. This has become one of his most famous works and resides in the collection of the Chicago Art Institute. Throughout the late 1880s, he worked outdoors painting landscapes inspired by Impressionism subject matter. Seurat late painted depictions of upper-class Parisian life, circuses and cabarets.
George Seurat died in 1891 in Paris, after suffering with pneumonia or meningitis. The contents of Seurat’s studio cataloged and offered to the Louvre, but they refused. A group of followers continued his style of work including Camille Pissarro and Paul Signac.