Gabriele Münter was born in to an affluent family in Berlin, Germany who was very supportive of her becoming an artist. Born in 1877, she had private tutors and attended Damen-Kunstschule in Düsseldorf and the Woman’s Artist School since woman were not allowed to attend public academies in Germany at that time. In the early 1900s, she moved to Munich and attended Phalanx, a private school run by Russian painter and art theorist Wassily Kandinsky. By 1904 Münter and Kandinsky began traveling throughout Europe. She became influenced by Fauvism and Expressionism works by artists such as Henri Julien Félix Rousseau and Henri Matisse.
Gabriele Münter settled into a country home in Murnau, (Bavaria) Germany. She had started painting glass in 1909 and became a member of the Neue Künstlervereinigung München. She also joined the abstract expressionist art group known as Blaue Reiter in 1911 that was founded Kandinsky and Franz Marc. She still continued to paint figuratively as was seen in her landscapes and scenery.
At the outbreak of World War I, Münter and Kandinsky moved to Switzerland, but the following year she relocated to Stockholm and Kandinsky returned to Russia. Münter took a short break from her art career in the early 1920’s after her relationship with Kandinsky ended. Münter was awarded the Culture Prize of the City of Munich in 1956 and held her first exhibition in the United States in 1960. Gabriele Münter passed away at her home in Murnau in 1962 at the age of eighty-five.