Austrian Expressionist painter, Anton Faistauer, was born in 1887. He began studying art in 1904 and then continued his education at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. In 1909, he left the Academy with a group of artists, including Egon Schiele, to found the Neukunstgruppe group. Their intentions was to protest the Academy’s conservative attitudes. During the WWI, he was stationed at the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum with Schiele to help organize war art exhibitions.
He exhibited his work regularly after the war and was beginning to receive notoriety. Travelling through Italy, Faistauer was introduced to artists such as Titian, Tintoretto, and El Greco and soon discovered the French masters, such as Cezanne. All these artists influenced Anton Faistauer’s use of color in his work. In 1919, Faistauer founded another artist group of Progressive Artist’s Association in Salzburg called “Der Wassermann”. In 1925, he received a major commission to paint frescoes at the new Kleines Festspielhaus in Salzburg. More commissions would follow.
In 1930, he died of a stomach hemorrhage. A street in Salzburg is named after him and a prestigious art prize bearing his name has been awarded to artists in 1972. Anton Faistauer is considered to be one of the most important pioneers of Modern painting in Austria.